If you just want to move the location of the cursor before writing text, and aren’t worried about returning, do something like this:
>>> print(term.home + term.clear, end='') >>> print(term.move_down(2) + term.move_right(20) + term.bright_red('fire!'), end='') >>> print(term.move_xy(20, 7) + term.bold('Direct hit!'), end='') >>> print(term.move_y(term.height - 3), end='')
Note our use of
end='' to the built-in
print() function, this is
because the default
end='\n' value causes the cursor to move to the first
column of the next row.
There are four direct movement capabilities:
Position cursor at given x, y.
Position cursor at column x.
Position cursor at row y.
Position cursor at (0, 0).
And four relative capabilities:
Position cursor 1 or y row cells above the current position.
Position cursor 1 or y row cells below the current position.
move_downor is often valued as \n, which additionally returns the carriage to
column 0, and, depending on your terminal emulator, may also destroy any characters to end of line.
move_down(1)is always a safe non-destructive one-notch movement in the downward direction.
Position cursor 1 or x column cells left of the current position.
Position cursor 1 or x column cells right of the current position.
# std imports from math import floor # local from blessed import Terminal def roundxy(x, y): return int(floor(x)), int(floor(y)) term = Terminal() x, y, xs, ys = 2, 2, 0.4, 0.3 with term.cbreak(), term.hidden_cursor(): # clear the screen print(term.home + term.black_on_olivedrab4 + term.clear) # loop every 20ms while term.inkey(timeout=0.02) != 'q': # erase, txt_erase = term.move_xy(*roundxy(x, y)) + ' ' # bounce, if x >= (term.width - 1) or x <= 0: xs *= -1 if y >= term.height or y <= 0: ys *= -1 # move, x, y = x + xs, y + ys # draw ! txt_ball = term.move_xy(*roundxy(x, y)) + '█' print(txt_erase + txt_ball, end='', flush=True)
with term.location(0, term.height - 1): print('Here is the bottom.') print('This is back where I came from.')
All parameters to
location() are optional, we can use
it without any arguments at all to restore the cursor location:
with term.location(): print(term.move_xy(1, 1) + 'Hi Mom!' + term.clear_eol)
location() may not be nested.
Finding The Cursor¶
We can determine the cursor’s current position at anytime using
This uses a kind of “answer back” sequence that your terminal emulator responds to. Because the
terminal may not respond, or may take some time to respond, the
keyword argument can be specified to return coordinates (-1, -1) after a blocking timeout:
>>> term.get_location(timeout=5) (32, 0)
The return value of
get_location() mirrors the arguments of
with term.location(12, 12): val = term.get_location() print(val)
Although this wouldn’t be suggested in most applications because of its latency, it certainly simplifies many applications, and, can also be timed, to make a determination of the round-trip time, perhaps even the bandwidth constraints, of a remote terminal!